Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 1883
Title of the paper: Experiences of transgender and intersex individuals in sport and Physical Education
Authors: Diketmüller, R., Fluch, A.
Institution: University of Vienna
Department: Dept. Sports Pedagogy
Country: Austria
Abstract text Introduction
Sport participation has been acknowledged as a significant socializing agent for young people. Nevertheless, as for young people the dialogue across individual identities and the ways of being, particularly for lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, trans-, inter- or queer persons (LBGTIQ*) people, may encounter sexual stigma within sport culture. Despite the potential implications of sexual stigma in their everyday lives, there is a lack of information regarding the experiences of LGBTIQ in sport and physical education (PE) (Anderson &Bullingham 2015; McCormack 2014; Osborne&Wagner 2007; Petty&Trussel 2017). So the purpose of this paper was to examine how the coming-out process for people who identified as trans- or intersex persons shaped the meanings and experiences of their sport engagement in physical education and sport.
Methods
Aligned with a constructivist grounded theory approach, intense interviews and biographical stories as a form of knowledge were conducted to examine the perspectives of six trans- and intersex men on these issues. In the content analysis categories were developed and emphasis was placed on the experiences these persons made in society, in sport, and in PE.
Results
Despite the evidence that homophobia seems to be declining in different countries and social fields, sexual stigma is omnipresent in the stories of this study. Based on the experiences, the interviewees focused on changes that could be made at various levels to make the future of sport and PE more inclusive to all individuals regardless their gender.
Discussion
Particularly their suggestions for PE which is taught in Austria in a gender-segregated way from the age of 10 years onwards, led to discussions on how to organize PE in a more inclusive and non-discriminatory way (including locker rooms, toilets, …) and how to enable self-determination in school settings for all students.

References
Anderson E & Bullingham R 2015. Openly lesbian team sport athletes in an era of decreasing homohysteria. Int. review for the sociology of sport, 50 (6), 647–660.
Fluch A 2017. Auswirkungen des binären Geschlechterkonzepts auf das Sportverhalten von trans- und intergeschlechtlichen Personen. Thesis. Vienna.
McCormack M 2014. The intersection of youth masculinities, decreasing homophobia and class: an ethnography. The British journal of sociology, 65 (1), 130–149.
Osborne D & Wagner W 2007. Exploring the relationship between homophobia and participation in core sports among high school students. Soc. perspectives, 50(4), 597-613.
Petty L & Trussel D.W. 2017. Experiences of identity development and sexual stigma for lesbian,gay, and bisexual young people in sport: ‘Just survive until you can be who you are’. Qual Research in Sport, Exercise and Health.
Topic: Physical Education and Pedagogics
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