|Title of the paper:||Effects of Self Nature Posture Exercise (SNPE) on Fitness, Functional Movement, Range of Motion, and Pain Perception|
|Authors:||Lee, H.1, Yoon, J.2, Choi, J.2, Yun, S.1, Lim, D.1, Hwang, E.1, Lee, D.T.1|
|Institution:||1: University of Kookmin, 2: Korea Good Posture Lab, Inc.|
|Department:||Natural Science in Sports|
Self Nature Posture Exercise (SNPE) is a posture recovery exercise originally idealized and designed from the crooked teeth and dental prosthesis. This exercise is claimed to relieve muscle tension, to correct posture by restoring the unbalanced body, to help recovering musculoskeletal function, and to alleviate pain. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of SNPE on physical fitness, range of motion (ROM), functional movement, and pain perception in adult women with chronic musculoskeletal pain.
Thirty women experiencing chronic musculoskeletal pain volunteered in this study (29.3±6.5 yrs, 23.5±4.0 kg/m2), and were divided into 3 groups; non-exercise group (NE), stretching group (SG), and SNPE group (SNPEG). Subjects of SG and SNPEG underwent a 2-3 sessions per week training program for 4 weeks. Before and after the program, their fitness such as flexibility and muscular strength was tested. ROM of neck, shoulder, waist, hip, knee, and ankle, and Functional Movement Screen (FMS) were evaluated. Pain perception was evaluated by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). NE participated in all tests, but not in any training program. To compare group differences, one-way ANOVA with repeated measures were employed.
After the program, the back extension as flexibility increased significantly in SNPEG (P<0.05), but decreased in NE and SG. Grip and back strength tended to decrease in all three groups but not statistically significant. The lateral rotation of neck increased in SG and SNPEG (P<0.05). The shoulder external rotation increased in all three groups, but only statistically significant in SNPEG (P<0.05). The waist flexion increased in SNPEG (P<0.01), while decrease in SG, and no change in NE. The hip rotation in SNPEG and NE increased significantly (P<0.01). No changes were noticed in the knee and ankle ROM. For the FMS, SNPEG and SG showed significant improvement (P<0.01) while not in NE. VAS in cervical area was not different between pre- and post-training test in all groups, but VAS in scapular area decreased significantly in SNPEG only (P<0.05). VAS in hip area decreased in all groups (P<0.05). VAS in gastrocnemius muscles decreased both in SNPEG and SG (P<0.05).
This study demonstrated that the 4 weeks of SNPE training provided beneficial effects on flexibility, ROM, FMS, and VAS. The results suggest the effectiveness of SNPE for those adult women of suffering chronic musculoskeletal pain.
*This research was financially supported by Korea Good Posture Lab, Inc.
|Topic:||Rehabilitation and (Sports)Physiotherapy|