Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 1903
Title of the paper: The Effects of Radial Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy on Pain, Functionality and Grip Strength on Patients with Chronic Lateral Epicondylitis.
Authors: Kirmizigil B., Tenekeci I.
Institution: health science
Department: physical therapy and rehabilitation
Country: Cyprus
Abstract text INTRODUCTION:
Lateral epicondylitis, which is known as tennis elbow, is a tendinopathy that causes pain in wrist extensor muscles, seen in about 1.3% of adults in the general populations. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Radial Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (rESWT) treatment on pain, functionality and grip strength on individuals with chronic lateral epicondylitis (CLE) disease.
18 subjects (12 women, 6 men) with the diagnosis of CLE were included in the study.Each subject signed an informed consent form. rESWT treatment was applied to the tendons of the forearm extensor muscles of the individuals once a week for three weeks. The activity and resting pain severity of the individuals were diagnosed with the Visuel Analog Scale (VAS), the functionalities were measured with the Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation Turkish version (PRTEE-T), and the grip strength by the digital dynamometer. All evaluations were repeated before and after the treatment. Wilcoxon test was used for statistical analysis.
The mean age of the individuals who completed the study was 42.411.4years and the mean body mass index was 25.74.0 kg/m. Statistically significant differences were found in the activity and resting pain severity of the individuals, pain, functionality and total scores of PRTEE-T in comparison with the values baseline and after treatment (respectively p=0.001, p=0.001, p=0,001, p=0,001 ve p=0,001). There was no statistical difference in grip strength (p>0.05). In addition, it was ensued that rESWT treatment had a clinically large effect on functionality and pain severity (resting & activity) (all r values, r=0.6). However, it was seen that rESWT treatment had a small effect size on grip strength (r=0.2).
According to our study results, rESWT treatment which is applied in a short time and effective in decreasing pain and increasing functionality on CLE patients, is an effective method that can be applied on these patients.
1-Luk, JKH. Tsang, RCC. Leung, HB. (2014), Lateral Epicondylalgia: Midlife Crisis of A Tendon, Hong Kong Medical Journal, 20(2):14551.
2-Shiri, R. Viikari-Juntura, E. Varonen, H. Heliovaara, M. (2006), Prevalence and Determinants of Lateral and Medial Epicondylitis: A Population Study, American Journal Of Epidemiology, 164(11):106574.
3-Faro, F. Wolf, JM. (2007), Lateral Epicondylitis: Review And Current Concepts, Journal of Hand Surgery, 32(8):12719.
Topic: Sports Medicine and Orthopedics
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